Araştırma Makalesi

Mu’tezile Ekolü Teşekkülü, İlkeleri ve İslâm Düşüncesine Katkıları

Mu’tazilite School: Its Formation, Principles and Contributions to the Islamic Thought

Öz

In the history of Islamic thought, the Mu’tazilite School is characterized by its particular method in understanding and interpreting the Islamic precepts. First of all, The Mu’tazilite theologians laid down their principles as ‘al-usūl al-khamsah (five roots or fundamentals)’ and focused on theological and philosophical issues. The Mu’tazilite thinkers are most often described as rationalist, individualist, liberal and eccentric figures. Among the Mu’tazilite famous thinkers are Wasil b. ‘Ata, ‘Amr b. ‘Ubayd, Abu al-Huzayl al-‘Allaf, Bishr al-Mu’tamir, Nazzam, Cahiz, Djubbai and his followers. The Mutazilite School has emphasized on the Unity and the Purity of Divine Existence and the Jus-tice. In the context of the idea of Unity, it has discussed Allah-cosmos relation, atom, motion, rest and Divine atributites. In the context of the concept of Justice, the Mutazilite school has underlined that the responsibility of the deeds, such as good-bad, belief-unbelief, submission-disobedience, in this world or in the hereafter, belongs to human himself. In other words, this school has connected the human responsibility to mind, freewill and the potential power. In this context, this article attempts to provide insights into the formation and the principles of the Mutazilite school alongside with its contributions to the Islamic thought.
In the history of Islamic thought, the Mu’tazilite School is characterized by its particular method in understanding and interpreting the Islamic precepts. First of all, The Mu’tazilite theologians laid down their principles as ‘al-usūl al-khamsah (five roots or fundamentals)’ and focused on theological and philosophical issues. The Mu’tazilite thinkers are most often described as rationalist, individualist, liberal and eccentric figures. Among the Mu’tazilite famous thinkers are Wasil b. ‘Ata, ‘Amr b. ‘Ubayd, Abu al-Huzayl al-‘Allaf, Bishr al-Mu’tamir, Nazzam, Cahiz, Djubbai and his followers. The Mutazilite School has emphasized on the Unity and the Purity of Divine Existence and the Jus-tice. In the context of the idea of Unity, it has discussed Allah-cosmos relation, atom, motion, rest and Divine atributites. In the context of the concept of Justice, the Mutazilite school has underlined that the responsibility of the deeds, such as good-bad, belief-unbelief, submission-disobedience, in this world or in the hereafter, belongs to human himself. In other words, this school has connected the human responsibility to mind, freewill and the potential power. In this context, this article attempts to provide insights into the formation and the principles of the Mutazilite school alongside with its contributions to the Islamic thought.

Detaylar

Sayı
Cilt: 3, Sayı: 3, Kış 2003
Geliş Tarihi
08.10.2003
Kabul Tarihi
15.10.2019
Yayın Tarihi
31.12.2003
Dergi Bölümü
Araştırma Makalesi
Bilim dal(lar)ı
Temel İslam Bilimleri,
İslam Mezhepleri Tarihi

Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

Aydınlı, Osman. “Mu’tezile Ekolü Teşekkülü, İlkeleri Ve İslâm Düşüncesine Katkıları”. Marife 3/3. 31 Aralık 2003. 27-54. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3343371.
Özet Görüntüleme: 24
PDF İndirme: 21

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