Araştırma Makalesi

İlk Vahyin Gelişi Hadisi Bağlamında Varaka b. Nevfel’in Hz. Peygamber’e Dinî-Kültürel Etkisine Dair İddiaların Değerlendirilmesi

Evaluation of the Claims About Waraqah b.Nawfal’s Religious-Cultural Influence on Rasulullah in the Contex of First Hadith on Revelation

Öz

Waraqah bin Nawfal lived for the most of his life in the pre-Islamic era. He died shortly after the first revelation to the Prophet Muhammad. He refused paganism, the bad habits of the Arabs such as killing girls, was searching for the truth, and was a wised man and a Christian who believed in only one God. However, we don not find sufficient information about him in the early Islamic literature. This led to the fact that he did not become a well-known person. This is also the source of the speculations about him aroused by orientalists. On the other hand, the knowledge of Waraqah about the holy books of preIslamic religions (Judaism, Christianism etc.) which we know from the Islamic literature particularly hadiths on the first revelations to the Prophet is at first sight susceptible for different interpretations. Starting from this, the orientalists claim that Waraqah influenced on the Prophet’s teachings and personality. However, if we consider the information on the subject as a whole and study the different variants of the hadith concerning Waraqah, we can conclude that the conclusion of the orientalists on the subject comes into being as a result of not studying the information in the literature as a whole. Beside this, we can also consider the manner of the orientalists to the subject as an effort to separate the teachings of the Prophet from the divine revelation. In this article, we will mention firstly the view of the orientalists on the subject and then we will analyze the information about Waraqah in the hadiths on the first revelation to the Prophet from an Islamic point of view.
Waraqah bin Nawfal lived for the most of his life in the pre-Islamic era. He died shortly after the first revelation to the Prophet Muhammad. He refused paganism, the bad habits of the Arabs such as killing girls, was searching for the truth, and was a wised man and a Christian who believed in only one God. However, we don not find sufficient information about him in the early Islamic literature. This led to the fact that he did not become a well-known person. This is also the source of the speculations about him aroused by orientalists. On the other hand, the knowledge of Waraqah about the holy books of preIslamic religions (Judaism, Christianism etc.) which we know from the Islamic literature particularly hadiths on the first revelations to the Prophet is at first sight susceptible for different interpretations. Starting from this, the orientalists claim that Waraqah influenced on the Prophet’s teachings and personality. However, if we consider the information on the subject as a whole and study the different variants of the hadith concerning Waraqah, we can conclude that the conclusion of the orientalists on the subject comes into being as a result of not studying the information in the literature as a whole. Beside this, we can also consider the manner of the orientalists to the subject as an effort to separate the teachings of the Prophet from the divine revelation. In this article, we will mention firstly the view of the orientalists on the subject and then we will analyze the information about Waraqah in the hadiths on the first revelation to the Prophet from an Islamic point of view.

Detaylar

Sayı
Cilt: 4, Sayı: 2, Güz 2004
Geliş Tarihi
22.06.2004
Kabul Tarihi
23.08.2019
Yayın Tarihi
30.09.2004
Dergi Bölümü
Araştırma Makalesi
Bilim dal(lar)ı
Temel İslam Bilimleri,
Hadis

Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

Hıdır, Özcan. “İlk Vahyin Gelişi Hadisi Bağlamında Varaka B. Nevfel’in Hz. Peygamber’e Dinî-Kültürel Etkisine Dair İddiaların Değerlendirilmesi”. Marife 4/2. 30 Eylül 2004. 27-37. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3343479.
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