Araştırma Makalesi

İslam ve Hıristiyan Düşüncesinde Âlemin Ezeliliği Tartışmaları Üzerine

On the Discussions of the Eternity of the World in Muslim and Christian Thought

Öz

The question of the eternity of the world was one of the most heated issues of debate between theologians and philosophers in the Middle Ages. This study aims to compare the Muslim and Christian traditions with regard to this question, with special reference to Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī and Thomas Aquinas. As theologians, both these figures inherited the mainstream interpretation within their respective traditions, that the theory of the eternity of the world is against the main principle of religion, for it both amounts to a rejection of the world's creation and is also rationally untenable. The study shows that by being open towards philosophy, both Rāzī and Aquinas take a different line from most of the theologians in their respective traditions. Although they criticise the arguments of both the theologians and the philosophers, their understanding of creation shows that they are closer to the philosophers than the theologians. Both lay stress on the world's total dependence on God rather than on the world's temporal creation.
The question of the eternity of the world was one of the most heated issues of debate between theologians and philosophers in the Middle Ages. This study aims to compare the Muslim and Christian traditions with regard to this question, with special reference to Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī and Thomas Aquinas. As theologians, both these figures inherited the mainstream interpretation within their respective traditions, that the theory of the eternity of the world is against the main principle of religion, for it both amounts to a rejection of the world's creation and is also rationally untenable. The study shows that by being open towards philosophy, both Rāzī and Aquinas take a different line from most of the theologians in their respective traditions. Although they criticise the arguments of both the theologians and the philosophers, their understanding of creation shows that they are closer to the philosophers than the theologians. Both lay stress on the world's total dependence on God rather than on the world's temporal creation.

Detaylar

Sayı
Cilt: 5, Sayı: 2, Güz 2005
Geliş Tarihi
08.07.2005
Kabul Tarihi
15.10.2019
Yayın Tarihi
30.09.2005
Dergi Bölümü
Araştırma Makalesi
Bilim dal(lar)ı
Temel İslam Bilimleri,
Kelam

Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

İskenderoğlu, Muammer. “İslam Ve Hıristiyan Düşüncesinde Âlemin Ezeliliği Tartışmaları Üzerine”. Marife 5/2. 30 Eylül 2005. 43-54. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3343605.
Özet Görüntüleme: 2
PDF İndirme: 7

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