Araştırma Makalesi

Yahudilikte Sadaka

Charity in Judaism

Öz

Yoksulluk; insanlık tarihi boyunca en yaygın sosyal problemlerden biridir. Bu yüzden dinlerin büyük çoğunluğu bu sorunu çözmeyi amaçlamış ve yoksulluğun ortadan kaldırılması veya en azından azaltılması yönünde benzer çözümler ortaya koymuşlardır. Diğer dinlerde olduğu gibi Yahudilikte de yoksul kimselere yardım edilmesi önemli bir sosyal ve dinî sorumluluktur. Bu bağlamda bu çalışmada Yahudilikte sadaka anlayışı ve Yahudi geleneğindeki önemi ele alınmıştır. Araştırmanın ana konusunu teşkil eden Yahudilikte sadaka geleneği, Yahudi Kutsal Kitabı’ndaki yardım ve sadakayla ilgili referansların değerlendirilmesi ve daha sonraki dönemde bunların Talmud literatüründeki yorumları ve detaylandı-rılmasıyla incelenmiştir. Bu bağlamda, sadakanın mahiyeti, kimlere ve nasıl verileceği gibi fıkhi konulara temas edilmiştir. Bunun yanında tarihi süreç içerisinde sadaka anlayışının geçirmiş olduğu değişime dikkat çekilmiştir. Talmud Dönemi Yahudiliğinden sonraki dönem olan Modern Dönem Yahudiliğindeki sadaka anlayışının geçirmiş olduğu anlam değişiklikleri ve kurumsal boyutu ele alınmıştır.
Poverty is one of the most common social problems throughout human history. Hence, many religions aimed to solve this problem and showed similar solutions and approaches for the reduction of poverty. As in other religions, helping poor people is a crucial social and religious responsibility in Judaism. In this context, the concept of charity and its importance in Judaism tradition has been examined in this study. The scope of this study is to study the charity tradition in Judaism, the evaluation of charity references in the Jewish Scripture, and then the analysis of the interpretation and details of this charity tradition in the Talmud literature in later periods. At this juncture, we will discuss some "religious laws" (halakhah) such as the nature of charity, who may take charity, and how it may be given. Then, we gave special emphasis on the changing understanding of charity in the Judaic tradition in the historical processes of this religion. More specially, we examined the meaning and institutional change of the pertinent concept following the Talmudic Period; namely in Modern Judaism.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Sadaka, Hayırseverlik, Yahudilik, Talmud, Safed Kabalası
Tzedakah, Charity, Judaism, Talmud, Safed Kabbalah

Kaynakça

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Detaylar

Sayı
Cilt: 14, Sayı: 3, Kış 2014
Geliş Tarihi
01.09.2014
Kabul Tarihi
14.10.2019
Yayın Tarihi
31.12.2014
Dergi Bölümü
Araştırma Makalesi
Bilim dal(lar)ı
Felsefe ve Din Bilimleri,
Dinler Tarihi

Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

Şeker, Cihat. “Yahudilikte Sadaka”. Marife 14/3. 31 Aralık 2014. 83-104. https://doi.org/10.33420/marife.436571.
Özet Görüntüleme: 12
PDF İndirme: 4

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